What do all those fireplace & chimney terms mean?
What do all those fireplace & chimney terms mean?? Definitions for commonly used chimney words.
The fireplace has been incorporated into homes since time began. It has evolved from a humble source of heat which was also used for cooking to an aspirational part of the modern house.
Flue – the space inside a chimney is called a flue. One chimney can contain several flues.
Gather – a funnel at the base of a flue which encourage the flue gases to pass smoothly into the flue
Chimney Stack – the part of a chimney that projects above a roof
Chimney pot – a terracotta or ceramic, pot shaped tube that sits on top of a chimney stack
Flaunching – the sloping fillet of cement embedding the base of the chimney pot
Chimney Breast – a portion of a chimney that projects forwards from a wall to accommodate a fireplace.
Chimney Jambs – Also project from the wall on either side of the fireplace to support the chimney breast.
Fireplace – a structure made of brick, stone or metal designed to contain a fire
Hearth – This is the floor or ledge of the fireplace that usually extends into the room. Its original purpose was to provide a non-combustible barrier between the grate and the floor of the room, and to prevent burning embers or logs from damaging flooring or furniture. For reasons of safety and practicality, it is either made or faced with hardwearing, non-combustible material, such as brick, stone, slate or tiles.
Fire Baskets – were introduced in Tudor times when coal was first used as a fuel. By the early eighteenth century the basket was raised on wrought-iron struts and was fitted with a grid at its base to improve the oxygenation of the fire and through which the embers could fall.
Fireback – a thick iron plate, often decorated with a coat of arms or similar design – set at the back of a hearth to protect the wall and reflect heat into the room.
Chimneypiece – the frame of a fireplace. As the focal point of the room, the chimneypiece became very elaborate and many great architects stamped their style on houses all over the UK with their trademark chimneypieces.
Mantelpiece /Overmantle – these terms are synonymous with chimneypiece, although a ‘mantelpiece’ is commonly used to refer to the mantel shelf – the protruding shelf that sits above the fireplace. The term ‘mantelpiece’ is generally used to refer to a fireplace surround of a more modest, simple nature.
Fender – A fender is a low metal guard made of iron or brass that is used to protect the flooring or a rug from flying sparks or embers that may fall from the fireplace. During the Edwardian era the ‘Club Fender’ was introduced – a taller fender with cushioned seating pads. Originally used as a means of providing additional seating in billiard rooms and libraries.
Inglenook – An inglenook, or chimney corner is a small recess that adjoins a fireplace. The word is formed with ingle, meaning “fireplace” in Old English, and nook.
An inglenook fireplace originally would have been used as the focus for a domestic situation, to cook, dry clothes and for sitting next to for warmth. That is why the original inglenook often had a seat built into either side of it.
The earliest fires were built in the centre of the room, but after about the 12th century the fireplace was moved to a perimeter wall. From there, eventually the fireplace was enclosed by side walls, with a timber lintel to the front and covered with a hood to try and encourage the smoke to exit the building via a chimney and minimise the smoke spillage into the room. A big fire could accommodate big logs and provide a source of heat and light. The resulting ‘inglenook’ construction was literally a little room inside a larger one.
If you would like more information on chimneys, flues and fireplaces please call Turner Baker on 01432 839123.
Alternatively, call our branches to inquire about a:
Fireplace Cheltenham: 01242 649660
Fireplace Shrewsbury: 01743 343544
Fireplace Worcester: 01905 611663
Fireplace Hereford: 01432 839123
Fireplace Oxford: 01865 236763
Fireplace Bristol: 0117 336 0470
Fireplace Cardiff: 02921 151303
Fireplace Leamington Spa: 01926 257404